End of the financial year (EOFY) is an important time, not just for small businesses, but also the individuals.
Putting the hard work in each financial year can help you get your personal professional life organised so that you get to kick start the new financial year set up right and working smarter all year long.
Here are some essential reminders for your EOFY tax returns as individuals…
1. Bring forward deductions
Taxpayers who own an investment property or have an investment portfolio margin loan may consider prepaying interest up to 12 months in advance (service period ending prior to 30 June 2020) on investment loans and claiming a deduction in the 2019 year for the prepayment.
2. Motor vehicle claims
If you frequently use your own vehicle for work related travel, a logbook may increase your motor vehicle deduction.
A logbook must be kept for 12 consecutive weeks and must be updated every five years or whenever your vehicle use materially changes.
In addition to maintaining a logbook ensure you keep written evidence of all motor vehicle expenses such as insurance, services, license and registration paid during the 2019 financial year.
No logbook? That’s ok – however, the maximum kilometres an employee will be entitled to claim is 5,000 kilometres at a rate of 68 cents for the 2018-19 financial year.
IMPORTANT: in most cases, home to work travel is not included as work related.
A donation to a Deductible Gift Recipient (DGR) may be a great way to reduce your taxable income while contributing to a good cause. If you intend to make a donation prior to 30 June 2019, ensure that the donation is made to a DGR and that you maintain the receipt.
A list of DGRs are available on the ATO’s website.
4. Income protection policy
If your income protection policy is owned by you personally it is an income tax deduction in your individual tax return.
It may be wise talking to your financial advisor about your income protection policy being in your personal name instead of your superannuation fund to result in a personal tax deduction.
In addition, to increase your deduction it may be beneficial to pay your policy annually prior to year-end instead of monthly.
5. Managing capital gains exposure
You may consider reviewing any capital gains made during the financial year. If you have had a capital gains tax event during the year, evaluate any other assets you hold that are in a loss position and consider if it is an appropriate time to sell these to reduce your capital gains tax exposure.
Be aware that individuals have access to the 50% capital gain concession if they hold an asset for more than 12 months.
6. Superannuation contributions – Concessional contributions
Just before the financial year end is a great time to do a financial check of your funds and if you have any excess cash it might be worthwhile investing in your retirement and topping up your superannuation fund.
Any concessional contributions made into your superannuation fund up to the cap of $25,000 is an income tax deduction against your assessable income. Since 1 July 2017 you are now able to make concessional contributions to your superannuation fund regardless of how your income was received.
This means even if you are not self-employed you can still make an eligible concessional contribution and have the amount deductible in your tax return.
However, if you are over 65 and under 75 you must still satisfy the “work test”. This requires that you are employed and undertaking paid work for a minimum of 40 hours in any 30 consecutive day period to make voluntary contributions.
The annual concessional contributions cap is now $25,000 for all individuals.
For those with a super balance of less than $500,000 at the end of June 30 in the previous year, the new rules allow you to carry forward your unused concessional contributions cap amounts from 1 July 2018. The first year in which you can increase your concessional contributions cap by the amount of unused cap is 2019–20. Unused amounts are available for a maximum of five years and expire after this.
If you have had more than one job during the financial year you should make sure that you have not exceeded your concessional contribution cap as excess contribution amounts will be taxed at the marginal tax rate plus an excess concessional contributions charge. To claim a deduction for superannuation contributions in your income tax return you must provide a signed notice (Section 290-170 notice) to your superannuation fund to notify them of your intention. You must receive an acknowledgement notice from the fund confirming your contribution, prior to the lodgement of your individual income tax return.
7. Division 293 tax on superannuation contributions
Individuals with an adjusted taxable income over $250,000 will be subject to an additional 15% tax on their taxable superannuation contributions. This amount has reduced from prior years’ threshold of $300,000, so we have found this impacts a lot more people than it used to!
Medicare levy surcharge Singles and families who do not have adequate private health insurance cover will be liable for the Medicare levy surcharge. This is determined by the income thresholds, set out in the table below.
Note: The family income threshold is increased by $1,500 for each dependent child after the first child.
This is an easy one – Ensure you have appropriate private health insurance going forward to avoid paying the Medicare levy surcharge.
As always, if you are unsure please speak to your tax advisor to go over your options in detail. It’s your money after all.